Salud Dental Para Todos

Sistema Internacional para la Detección y Evaluación de Caries (ICDAS)

E-mail: Od. Marcelo Alberto Iruretagoyena

  1. Al-Khateeb S, Exterkate RAM, de Josselin de Jong E, Angmar-Månsson B, ten Cate JM. Light-induced fluorescence studies on dehydration of incipient enamel lesions. Caries Res 2002;36:25-30.
  2. Ando M, Zero DT, Eckert GJ, Stookey GK. Pattern of fluorescence intensity during dehydration as determined by Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence in vitro. Caries Res 2001; 35:270 (Abstr 16).
  3. Ando M, Gonzalez-Cabezas C, Isaacs RL, Eckert GJ, Stookey GK. Evaluation of several techniques for the detection of secondary caries adjacent to amalgam restorations. Caries Res 2005;38:350-56.
  4. Backer Dirks O. The clinical testing of agents for the prevention of dental caries. Advances in Fluorine Res Dent Caries Prevention. 1966;4:1-2.
  5. Bader JD, Shugars DA, Bonito AJ. Systematic review of selected dental caries diagnostic and management methods. J Dent Educ 2001;65:960-8.
  6. Banting DW. Diagnosis and prediction of root caries. Adv Dent Res 1993;7:80-6.
  7. Banting DW. The diagnosis of root caries. J Dent Educ 2001;65:991-6.
  8. Barlow W. Modelling of categorical agreement. In: Armitage P, Colton T (eds): The Encyclopedia of Biostatistics (pp. 541-545). New York: Wiley, 1998
  9. Beighton D, Lynch E, Heath MR (1993). A microbiological study of primary root caries lesions with different treatment needs. J Dent Res 1993;63:623-9.
  10. Bergman G, Lindén LA. The action of the explorer on incipient caries. Svensk Tandläkare Tidsskrift 1969;62:629-634
  11. Billings RJ, Brown LR, Kaster AG. Contemporary treatment strategies for root surface dental caries. Gerodontics 1985;1:20-7.
  12. Bishop Y, Fienberg S, Holland P. Discrete multivariate analysis: theory and practice. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT press; 1975.
  13. Bordoni N, Doño R,  Miraschi C  Preconc.   Organización Panamericana de la Salud  1992.
  14. Boyd MA, Richardson AS. Frequency of amalgam replacement in general dental practice. J Can Dent Asso 1985;10:763-766.
  15. Bratthall D. A Streptococcus mutans Safari. J Dent Res 1997;76:1332-6.
  16. Byrt T, Bishop J, Carlin JB. Bias, prevalence and kappa. J Clin Epidemiol 1993:;423-9.
  17. Chesters RK, Pitts NB., Matuliene G, Kvedariene A, Huntington E., Bendinskaite R, Balciuniene I., Matheson J, Savage D. Milerience J. An abbreviated caries clinical trial design validated over 24 months. J Dent Res 2002; 81, 637–640.
  18. Drugan C. Report of a BASCD Dental Epidemiology Workshop, London May 16th 2003: Design of future BASCD coordinated oral health surveys to meet the information needs of the modernised NHS. Community Dent Health 2004;21, 54–57.
  19. Ekstrand K, Qvist V, Thylstrup A Light microscope study of the effect of probing in occlusal surfaces. Caries Res 1987;21:363-374
  20. Ekstrand KR, Kuzmina I, Bjorndal L, Thylstrup A. Relationship between external and histologic feastures of progressive stages of caries in the occlusal fossa. Caries Res 1995; 29:243-50.
  21. Ekstrand KR, Ricketts DN, Kidd EA. Reproducibility and accuracy of three methods for assessment of demineralization depth of the occlusal surface: an in vitro examination. Caries Res 1997;31:224-31.
  22. Ekstrand KR, Ricketts DN, Kidd EA. Occlusal caries: pathology, diagnosis and logical management. Dent Update. 2001;28:380-7.
  23. Ekstrand KR, Ricketts DNJ, Longbottom C, Pitts NB. Visual and tactile assessment of arrested initial enamel carious lesions: an in vivo pilot study. Caries Res 2005;39-173-77.
  24. Elderton RJ. Variability in the decision making process and implications for change towards a preventive philosophy. In Anusavice KJ (ed): Quality Evaluation of Dental Restorations: Criteria for Placement and Replacement. Quintessence Publishing Co.:211-219, 1989.
  25. Feinstein AR. Cicchetti DV. High agreement but low kappa: I. The problems of two paradoxes. J Clin Epidemiol 1990:43;543-9.
  26. Fleiss JL, Cohen, J. The equivalence of weighted kappa and the intraclass correlation coefficient as measures of reliability. Educ Psych Measurement 1973:33;613-9.
  27. Fyffe H E, Deery C H, Nugent, Z J, Nuttall N M, Pitts N B. Effect of diagnostic threshold on the validity and reliability of epidemiological caries diagnosis using the Dundee Selectable Threshold Method for caries diagnosis (DSTM). Community Dent Oral Epidemiol.2000; 28: 42-51.
  28. Goldberg J, Tanzer J, Munster E, Amara J, Thal F, Birkhed D. Cross-sectional clinical evaluation of recurrent enamel caries, restoration of marginal integrity, and oral hygiene status. J Am Dent Assoc 1981;102:635-641.
  29. Goldberg AJ. Deterioration of restorative materials and the risk for secondary caries. Adv Dent Res 1990;;4:14-18.
  30. Goodman SN. Meta-analysis and evidence. Controlled Clinical Trials 1989;10:188-204.
  31. Hamilton JC, Moffa JP, Ellison JA, Jenkins WA. Marginal fracture not a predictor of longevity for two dental amalgam alloys: a ten year study. J Prost Dent 1983;50:200-202.
  32. Hellyer PH, Beighton D, Heath MR, Lynch EJR. Root caries in older people attending a general practice in East Sussex. Brit Dent J 1990;169:201-6.
  33. Hellyer P, Lynch E. The diagnosis of root caries. Gerodontol 1991;9:95-102.
  34. Hix JO, O’Leary TJ. The relationship between cemental caries, oral hygiene status and fermentable carbohydrate intake. J Periodontal 1976;47:394-404.
  35. Ismail AI, Tellez M, Sohn W, Sen A. Reliability of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS). Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 2005.
  36. Ismail AI. Visual and Visuo-tactile Detection of Dental Caries. J Dent Res 2004a;83(Spec Iss C):C56-C66.
  37. Ismail AI. Diagnostic levels in dental public health planning. Caries Res 2004b;38:99–203.
  38. Jorgensen KD, Wakumoto S. Occlusal amalgam fillings: marginal defects and secondary caries. Odontol.Tidsk 1968;76:43-54.
  39. Katz RV. Development of an index for the prevalence of root caries. J Dent Res 1984;63:814-8.
  40. Kidd EAM. Caries diagnosis within restored teeth. Oper Dent 1989a;14:149-158.
  41. Kidd EAM. Caries diagnosis within restored teeth, in Anusavice KJ (ed): Quality evaluation of dental restorations: Criteria for placement and replacement. Chicago, Quintessence Publishing Co Inc:111-123, 1989b.
  42. Kidd EAM, Beighton D. Prediction of secondary caries around tooth-colored restorations: a clinical and microbiological study. J Dent Res 1996;;75:1942-1946.
  43. Kidd EAM, O'Hara JW. The caries status of occlusal amalgam restorations with marginal defects. J Dent Res 1990.;69:1275-7.
  44. Kidd EAM, Toffenetti F, Mjor IA (1992). Secondary caries. Int Dent J 1992;42:127-138.
  45. Kidd EAM, Joyston BS, Beighton D. Diagnosis of secondary caries: a laboratory study. Br Dent J 1994;176:135-8, 139.
  46. Kidd EAM, Joyston BS, Beighton D. Marginal ditching and staining as a predictor of secondary caries around amalgam restorations: a clinical and microbiological study. J Dent Res 1995;74:1206-1211.
  47. Kingman A. A procedure for evaluating the reliability of a gingivitis index. J Clin Periodontol 1986;13:385-91.
  48. Leake JL. Clinical decision-making for caries management in root caries. J Dent Educ 2001;65:1147-53.
  49. Lynch E, Beighton D. A comparison of primary root caries lesions classified according to color. Caries Res 1994;28:233-9.
  50. Maclure M, Willett WC. Misinterpretation and misuse of the kappa statistic. Am J Epidemiol 1987:126;161-9.
  51. Miller WA, Massler M. Permeability and staining of active and arrested lesions in dentine. Br Dent J 1962;112:187-197.
  52. Mjör IA, Toffenetti F. Secondary caries: a literature review with case reports. Quintessence Int 2000;31:165-179.
  53. National Institutes of Health. The diagnosis and management of dental caries throughout life. National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference, Washington DC, March 26th – 28th 2001. J Dent Educ 63, No. 10.
  54. Nyvad B, Fejerskov O. Assessing the stage of caries lesion activity on the basis of clinical and microbiological examination. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1997;25:69-75.
  55. Nyvad B, ten Cate JM, Robinson C. Cariology in the 21st century – state of the art and future perspectives. Caries Res 2004;38, 167–329.
  56. Nyvad B, Machiulskiene V, Baelum V. Reliability of a new caries diagnostic system differentiating between active and inactive caries lesions. Caries Res 1999;33:252-260.
  57. Nyvad B, Machiulskiene V, Baelum V. Construct and predictive validity of clinical caries diagnostic criteria assessing lesion activity. J Dent Res 2003;82:117-122.
  58. Nyvad B, Machiulskiene V, Baelum V. Reliability of a new caries diagnostic system differentiating between active and inactive caries lesions. Caries Res 1999;33:252-60.
  59. Ozer L. The relationship between gap size, microbial accumulation and the structural features of natural caries in extracted teeth with class II amalgam restorations. 1997. University of Copenhagen.
  60. Panju AA, Hemmelgarn BR, Guyatt GH, Simel DL. The rational clinical examination. Is this patient having a myocardial infarction? JAMA. 1998;280:1256-63.
  61. Pitts NB: Safeguarding the quality of epidemiological caries data at a time of changing disease patterns and evolving dental services. Community Dent Health 1993;10, 1–9.
  62. Pitts NB: Discovering Dental Public Health: from Fisher to the future. Community Dent Health 1994;11, 172–178.
  63. Kidd EAM. Caries diagnosis within restored teeth. Adv Dent Res 1990;;4:10-13.
  64. Pitts NB. Modern concepts of caries measurement. J Dent Res 2004a;83:43–47.
  65. Pitts NB Are we ready to move from operative to non-operative/preventive treatment of dental caries in clinical practice? Caries Res 2004:38, 294–304.
  66. Pitts NB, Stamm J.: International Consensus Workshop on Caries Clinical Trials (ICW-CCT) Final Consensus Statements: Agreeing Where the Evidence Leads. J Dent Res 2004;83,125–128.
  67. Ricketts DNJ, Ekstrand KR, Kidd EAM, Larsen T. Relating visual and radiographic ranked scoring systems for occlusal caries detection to histological and microbiological evidence. Operative Dent 2002;27:231-7.
  68. Rudolphy MP, van Amerongen JP, Penning C, Ten Cate JM. Grey discoloration and marginal fracture for the diagnosis of secondary caries in molars with occlusal amalgam restorations: an in vitro study. Caries Res 1995;29:371-376.
  69. Rudolphy MP, van Loveren C, van Amerongen JP. Grey discoloration for the diagnosis of secondary caries in teeth with class II amalgam restorations: an in vitro study. Caries Res 1996;30:189-193.
  70. Russell AL. The differential diagnosis of fluoride and nonfluoride enamel opacities. J Public Health Dent 1961;21:143-6.
  71. Silverstone Leon M.  Odontología Preventiva, . Ediciones Doyma. 1980. Cap 1" La caries dental: el problema" pag. 3 a 18.
  72. Spitznagel EL, Helzer JE. A proposed solution to the base rate problem in the kappa statistic. Arch Gen Psychiat. 1985; 42:725-8.
  73. Stookey G. (Ed.). Proceedings of the first annual Indiana Conference: Early detection of dental caries. Indiana University, Indiana, USA, 1996.
  74. Stookey G. (Ed.). Second International Conference on Detection of Early Caries. Indiana University, Indiana, USA, 2000.
  75. Stookey G. (Ed.) Early Detection of Caries III. Indiana University, Indiana, USA, Indiana University, Indiana, USA, 2004.
  76. Tanner MA, Young MA. Modelling agreement among raters. J Am Stat Assoc. 1985;80:175-180.
  77. Tobi H, Kreulen CM, Vondeling H, van Amerongen WE. Cost-effectiveness of composite resins and amalgam in the replacement of amalgam Class II restorations. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1999;;27:137-143.
  78. Thompson WD. Walter SD. A reappraisal of the kappa coefficient. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 1988a:41;949-58.
  79. Thompson WD. Walter SD. Kappa and the concept of independent errors. J Clin Epidemiol 1988b:41;969-70.
  80. Topping GVA. Secondary caries misdiagnosis: an in vitro study in premolar and molar teeth restored with amalgam and conjoint analysis of patients' and dentists' preferences for attributes of a caries diagnosis device. University of Dundee, 2001.
  81. U.S Department of Health and Human Services, Oral health of United States adults, NIH Publication No. 87-2868, 1987.
  82. Uebersax JS. Measuring diagnostic reliability: Reply to Spitznagel and Helzer (letter). Arch Gen Psychiat 1987a:44;193-4.
  83. Uebersax, JS. Diversity of decision-making models and the measurement of interrater agreement. Psych Bulletin, 1987b:101;140-6.
  84. Uebersax JS. Statistical Modeling of Expert Ratings on Medical Treatment Appropriateness. J Am Stat Assoc. 1993;88:421-27.
  85. Uebersax JS.. Statistical methods for rater agreement: The tetrachoric and polychoric correlation coefficients.
  86. Warren JJ, Levy SM, Wefel JS. Explorer probing of root caries lesions. Spec Care Dent 2003;23:18-21.
  87. World Health Organization. Oral health surveys: basic methods. 4th ed. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1997.
  88. Zero D, Fontana M, Lennon ÁM. Clinical applications and outcomes of using indicators of risk in caries management. J Dent Educ 2001;65:1126-1132.

Salud Dental Para Todos

 La información presente de este sitio web debe ser utilizada a los efectos de promover y proteger la salud pública dental. No debe ser utilizada con fines comerciales.

Dirección: Od. Marcelo Alberto Iruretagoyena

Wilde Provincia de Buenos Aires. Argentina

 Revisado: Abril  2014